Exercise Adherence and the Effects of Exercise on Mental Health
Sponsored by Missouri Western State University Sponsored by a grant from the National Science Foundation DUE-97-51113
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The proper APA Style reference for this manuscript is:
ABBEY, R.D. (1998). Exercise Adherence and the Effects of Exercise on Mental Health. National Undergraduate Research Clearinghouse, 1. Available online at http://www.webclearinghouse.net/volume/. Retrieved October 23, 2017 .

Exercise Adherence and the Effects of Exercise on Mental Health
RICHARD D. ABBEY
CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, SAN MARCOS DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY

Sponsored by: MARIE THOMAS (mthomas@mailhost1.csusm.edu)
ABSTRACT
The purpose of this paper was to investigate the relationship between mental health and exercise. Adherence to exercise was first investigated. Although there has been some knowledge gained for predicting what type of individual will adhere to exercise programs, there is still a need to develop effective intervention programs to help individuals start and adhere to exercise programs. Next, the literature suggests that there is a positive relationship between physical activity and mental health. Specifically, physical activity has shown to improve mental health with respect to depression and anxiety although there are some limitations. The limitations of the reviewed literature reveal a need for longitudinal studies, research using the experimental method to reveal a causal relationship between exercise and mental health, and emic and etic studies. Research that includes these methodological designs may illuminate a causal relationship between exercise and mental health. Furthermore, research that investigates possible cultural differences with respect to exercise and mental health may reveal more specific intervention methods.

Submitted 9/11/98 11:49:47 PM
Last Edited 9/12/98 12:03:19 AM
Converted to New Site 03/09/2009

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